Does BRICS Challenge the International Order?

Matias Spektor, Max Bergmann, Shayam Saran, Zongyuan Zoe Liu, & Philani Mthembu

This installment of the CDA Institute’s Expert Series brings together perspectives from core BRICS members—Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa—to explore the purpose of BRICS, its impact on the international rules-based order, and its role in challenging Western dominance. The panel discusses the relationships, priorities, and goals of member states; views on multipolarity in the international system; Brazil’s growing dependence on China; Russia’s geopolitical ambitions; India’s rising influence and complex relationship with China; China’s approach to global governance; and the impact of BRICS on South Africa’s alliances and foreign policy.


Matias Spektor: Associate Professor of International Relations, Center for International Relations at Fundação Getúlio Vargas in São Paulo

Max Bergmann: Director, Europe, Russia, and Eurasia Program and Stuart Center, Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)

Shyam Saran: Former Foreign Secretary of India and Chairman of India’s National Security Advisory Board

Zongyuan Zoe Liu: Fellow for International Political Economy at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)

Philani Mthembu: Executive Director, Institute for Global Dialogue, University of South Africa (UNISA)

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